Filiation is the term used to describe the family relationship between a child and the child's parents. The types of filiation are:

  • filiation by blood;
  • filiation by assisted procreation;
  • filiation by adoption.

A child's filiation is recorded on the declaration of birth and entered in the Québec register of civil status.

Proof of filiation

There are four ways to prove filiation between you and your child:

  • act of birth;
  • uninterrupted posession of status;
  • legal presumption;
  • voluntary acknowledgment.

Rights and obligations

Filiation means that you have rights and obligations towards your child, in particular concerning parental authority

It also means that your child has rights and obligations towards you.

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