Secrétariat à la sélection des candidats à la fonction de juge

Notices of judicial selection are posted regularly in the News section of the website. Click here to view them.

Background

On January 28, 2012, the Regulation respecting the selection procedure of candidates for the office of judge of the Court of Québec, municipal court judge and presiding justice of the peace came into force. The Regulation establishes the terms and conditions for the procedure used to select candidates for the office of judge of the Court of Québec, municipal court judge and presiding justice of the peace.

It establishes a secretariat responsible for the administration of the procedure.

The secretary acts under the authority of the Deputy Minister of Justice, who designates the secretary after consultation with the chief judge of the Court of Québec and the Barreau du Québec.

On March 16, 2015, Me Sonia Beaudoin was designated as the secretary general of the Secrétariat à la sélection des candidats à la fonction de juge.

The function of the secretariat is to administer the selection procedure for candidates for the office of judge of the Court of Québec, municipal court judge and presiding justice of the peace.

The secretariat ensures that the members of selection committees receive the training required to perform their duties. 

The training includes in particular the structure of the court system, the judicial function in general and the qualities required for the office of judge, in relation to the criteria established for the judicial vacancy. In addition, the members of selection committees are aware of the objective to promote gender parity and the representation of cultural communities within the judiciary.

The secretariat files an annual report on the work of the selection committees, available on the website of the Ministère de la Justice. The report contains an analysis of the appointments for judicial office considering the representation of men and women and that of cultural communities.

The secretary sends a copy of the report to the Minister of Justice.

Selection of candidates

A notice listing the positions to be filled is published on the first day of each month on the website of the Secretariat and in the Journal du Barreau du Québec.

The notice published includes the following information:

  1. the court and the division, if applicable, where an office is vacant;
  2. the place where the judge's residence will be established, if applicable;
  3. the legal conditions of eligibility for judicial office;
  4. the requirement that interested persons submit their application to the secretariat for the selection of candidates for judicial office on the form appearing in Schedule A of the Regulation, and provide the documents required in support of their application;
  5. the selection procedure;
  6. the selection criteria provided for in section 25 of the Regulation used to assess the application of every candidate met by a selection committee;
  7. the address of the secretariat; and
  8. the final date for submitting one's application.

In addition, every candidate must:

  1. consent to verifications to be made concerning the candidate with any disciplinary body, any professional order, police authorities and credit agencies;
  2. undertake to preserve the confidentiality of the filing of the candidate's application and that of any decision made in respect of the application; and
  3. undertake not to exert directly or indirectly any influence on the appointment for judicial office.

Persons who wish to submit their application must, not later than the date indicated in the notice, send to the secretariat the form appearing in Schedule A, duly completed and signed, along with a recent photograph and proof of their entry on the Roll of the Ordre des avocats, if applicable. Six copies of all documents must be sent to the following address:

Secretariat for the selection of candidates for judicial office
Ministère de la Justice
1200, route de l'Église, 9étage
Québec (Québec) G1V 4M1

Municipal judges who wish to apply for another position as a municipal court judge must send, to the associate chief judge of the Court of Québec responsible for municipal courts, the form appearing in Schedule A, duly completed and signed, along with a recent photograph and proof of their entry on the Roll of the Ordre des avocats, if applicable (a photocopy of the card showing membership of the Barreau du Québec is accepted). Two copies of all documents must be sent to the following address:

The Honourable Claudie Bélanger
Associate chief judge of the Court of Québec
Person responsible for municipal courts 
Palais de justice
1, rue Notre-Dame Est
Montréal (Québec) H2Y 1B6

Paper documents sent by mail are presumed received by the secretariat on the date of mailing. Technology-based documents are presumed received by the secretariat when they become accessible at the address of the secretary, as provided in section 31 of the Act to establish a legal framework for information technology (L.R.Q., c. C 1.1).

The selection committee examine the applications received and files a report with the Minister in accordance with the Regulation.

To assess the application of a candidate, the committee considers the following criteria:

  1. the candidate's competencies, including:

    • personal and intellectual qualities, integrity, knowledge and general experience; 
    • extent of knowledge of the law and experience in the areas of law in which the judicial duties will be performed; and 
    • capacity for judgment, insight, level-headedness, ability to set priorities and to render a decision within a reasonable time, and quality of expression;

  2. the candidate's conception of the judicial office;
  3. the candidate's motivation for the judicial office;
  4. the candidate's human, professional, social and community experience;
  5. the candidate's level of awareness with respect to social realities; and
  6. recognition by the legal community of the candidate's qualities and competencies.

The Regulation respecting the procedure for the selection of persons apt for appointment as judges (R.R.Q., c. T-16, r. 5), and the Regulation respecting the procedure for the selection of persons for appointment as municipal judges enacted by order in council 915-89 dated 14 June 1989, are revoked.

Despite the foregoing, those Regulations continue to apply to the selection procedures in progress on the date of coming into force of the new Regulation. However, every declaration of aptitude of a candidate for judicial appointment, for which a competition was held under a regulation revoked by the first paragraph, has no effect in respect of a competition for which a notice was published under the new Regulation.

Me Sonia Beaudoin, secretary general
Mme Josée Lachance, assistant

Secrétariat à la sélection des candidats à la fonction de juge
Ministère de la Justice
Édifice Louis-Philippe-Pigeon
1200, route de l'Église, 9e étage
Québec (Québec) G1V 4M1

Phone: 418 646-1320
Fax: 418 644-7680
Email: secretariatjuges@justice.gouv.qc.ca

Selection committee

The selection committee has five members: 

  1. a judge designated by the chief judge of the Court of Québec or by the associate chief judge of the Court of Québec responsible for municipal courts, depending on the position available; 
  2. two persons designated by the Barreau du Québec:

    • where one such person is an advocate, and
    • one person works in law and the person's professional activities do not include representation before the courts, promoting the presence of representatives of Québec universities where possible to do so;

  3. two persons who are not judges or members of the Barreau du Québec or the Chambre des notaires du Québec, designated by the Office des professions du Québec (representing the general public).

The selection committee draws up a report indicating, in alphabetical order, the names of three candidates qualified to be appointed as judges that it proposes. Where a competition is held for more than one office, the number of candidates is three for each additional office.

No political affiliation may be considered by the committee when assessing the applications and making proposals to the Minister or by the Minister when choosing a candidate to be recommended to the Cabinet.

The proposals of the committee are valid only for an office included in the competition for which the committee is established.

If you wish to join a committee as the member designated by the Barreau du Québec, you should contact the Barreau du Québec at the following address:

Mtre. Claudia Duchesne-Pérusse
Chef du cabinet du bâtonnier du Québec
Barreau du Québec
445, boul. Saint-Laurent
Montréal (Québec) H2Y 3T8
Phone : 1 800 361-8495 (3406) or 514 954-3406

If you wish to join a committee as the member representing the general public, you should contact the Office des professions du Québec. A Inscription Form (in French) can be completed on the OPQ website.

Committee members, except judges and members who hold offices or positions in the public service or in a body or agency whose members are appointed by the Government, receive fees of $100 per half day of attending committee meetings or training activities.

Members are entitled to be reimbursed for expenses incurred to attend committee meetings or training activities, as provided in the order made under section 119 of the Courts of Justice Act (chapter T-16).

• Order in council 14-2012, Regulations and other documents (in French)
• Reimbursement form (in French)
• Directive (in French)

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