Supreme Court of Canada

The Supreme Court of Canada is the country’s highest court.

The Supreme Court has final jurisdiction in criminal, civil and constitutional matters. Its decisions cannot be appealed, and no lower court can render a judgment that goes against a Supreme Court decision.

It hears only the appeals for which it has granted leave to appeal.

In general, the Supreme Court hears questions of national interest. It may:

  • interpret the Canadian constitution,
  • determine the constitutionality of a law, and
  • interpret federal or provincial laws.

It is also responsible for examining questions relating to the powers of Parliament and the provincial governments when such questions are referred to it by the Governor General in Council.

The Supreme Court sits in Ottawa.

Number of judges9
JurisdictionJurisdiction in civil, criminal and constitutional matters
Location of hearingsOttawa
WebsiteSupreme Court of Canada
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