There are municipal courts located throughout Québec. They have limited jurisdiction in civil matters, exercised mostly in connection with municipal tax claims.
The municipal courts also hear:
- penal cases involving offences
- under municipal by-laws,
- under provincial Québec legislation such as the Highway Safety Code;
- criminal cases involving offences punishable on summary conviction, also known as "summary offences", which follow a simplified procedure that excludes the possibility of a preliminary inquiry and a trial before jury.