The Superior Court has jurisdiction throughout Québec and sits in all judicial districts.
In civil matters, the Superior Court hears:
- cases in which the amount at issue is at least $85,000;
- divorce and support cases;
- class actions;
- cases involving the probate of wills and the homologation of mandates given in the event of incapacity;
- applications for injunctions to stop harmful activities;
- except in certain cases provided for by law, cases involving the judicial review of decisions made by courts in Québec other than the Court of Appeal, or made by public bodies in Québec.
The Superior Court hears any application that does not come under the exclusive jurisdiction of another court.
It may hear criminal cases such as:
- criminal cases heard automatically before judge and jury, such as those involving murder or treason;
- other cases in which the accused elects trial by judge and jury;
- matters of extraordinary recourse, for example when a person is unlawfully detained in custody, or when the legality of a search warrant is challenged.
Like the Court of Appeal, the Superior Court hears some appeals from decisions:
- rendered under the Criminal Code by a judge in the Youth Division or the Criminal and Penal Division of the Court of Québec, by a municipal court judge or by a justice of the peace;
- concerning summary offences such as
- driving while impaired;
- made under other federal and provincial statutes.
|Act||Courts of Justice Act|
|Number of judges||145|
|Jurisdiction||Jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters|