Courts of appeal
A judgment rendered by a civil court of first instance can be appealed, except if the judgment was rendered in the Small Claims Division. By law, judgments made in the Small Claims Division cannot be appealed.
The Québec Court of Appeal hears most appeals of judgments made by the Court of Québec and the Superior Court.
As a last resort, the Supreme Court of Canada can rule on a judgment by the Court of Appeal. However, leave to appeal must first be obtained from the Supreme Court.