Parties to a trial

The plaintiff

In order to sue someone you must have a direct interest in the case. For example, if your neighbour’s basement is flooded after a water main bursts, only your neighbour can sue the municipality--you cannot do so on her behalf.

If you believe that a person, company or public corporation (such as a municipality) has caused you some form of damage, you must start by sending a formal notice demanding that the other party correct the damage. 

If the other party fails to comply, you have a range of possibilities: 

The defendant

The defendant is the person who is sued in a civil proceeding. The defendant may be a natural person (an individual) or a legal person (a company, municipality, etc.).

The defendant must set out, in a defence, the elements of fact or law that contradict all or part of the application filed by the plaintiff. The defence expresses the defendant’s version of the situation.

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