The Small Claims Division at the Court of Québec hears applications where the amount in dispute is $15,000 or less (not including interest).
The claim may involve:
- an amount of money you are owed;
- damage to your person or property;
- the resolution, resiliation or cancellation of a verbal or written contract.
In general, you are required to represent yourself, without assistance from a lawyer.
The clerk of the Court of Québec is the court official authorized to assist the parties.
Are you in a dispute with a merchant? If so, contact the Office de la protection du consommateur to find out if you can use its free on-line mediation service, PARLe: plateforme d’aide au règlement des litiges en ligne. (In French)
The Small Claims Division cannot hear an application involving:
- a residential lease, which falls under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Régie du logement;
- a support payment, which falls under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Superior Court;
- an allegation of defamation;
- a class action, which falls under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Superior Court;
- a proceeding filed by a person, partnership or association to which another person’s claim has been assigned;
- a claim of of $15,000 that has been divided into several claims of less than $15,000 to make it eligible for the Small Claims Division.
Are you eligible to file a small claim?
As the applicant, you must comply with several conditions when filing a small claim.
Summary appeal respecting a fiscal matter
See the section on the subject for more information.